Chapter 3 Science Chemistry

Nancy H. Wagner Today’s Communities? Individuals are more educated, mobile, and more independent ? But communities are more dependent on state and federal funding for support ? In need of better long-term planning and community organizing due to large size of today’s communities© Photos.com Today’s communities’ ability to respond to their own problems is hindered by:
? Resources developed at the national level ? Continued concentration of wealth and population in the largest metropolitan areas. Ex. NYC, Chicago, LA ? Rapid movement of information, resources, and people ? Globalization of health ? Limited horizontal relationships among organizations ? Top-down funding for many community programs Funded primarily by tax dollars Managed by government officials Authority for some geographic area Found at several levels
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International, e.g., WHO National, e.g., DHHS State, e.g., Ohio Department of Health Local, e.g., Portage County Health Department History? United Nations charter in 1945 established need ? Began April 7, 1948—World Health DayOrganization? Membership open to countries that ratify constitution ? Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland and has 6 regional offices ? World Health Assembly; comprised of 193 delegates ? Administered by director-general and 9 assistant directors-general Purpose Work? Attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health ? 22 core functions related to health promotion and disease prevention (maternal–child, elderly, mental health) ? Most work carried out in poor countriesgender inequality, lack of education, lack of access to clean water, and environmental degradationMillennium Development Goals (MDGs): Target 2015 – reducing poverty and hunger, tackling ill health, Progress All countries have a primary department or agency responsible for the health of the citizens Department of Health & Human Services? Principal agency for protecting the health…

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